Storing food is one of the best ways you can be prepared. The best long-term food storage containers are the ones that preppers have been using for decades and are tried and true. Some have been around for centuries and others only a few decades. Storing food has always been one of the cornerstones of prepping and preparedness.
As supply chains become more and more reliant on ‘just in time’ delivery there are fewer resources available to help when disasters or catastrophes strike. When this happens, food supplies can easily be disrupted and leave a lot of people hungry and looking for food.
Keeping food stored is one of the most cost-effective ways to be prepared for these events, and having the proper food storage containers can ensure your success and survival. Whether you are increasing your pantry size or starting a long-term food storage supply, the type of prepper food storage containers you use can make all the difference.
Long-Term Food Storage Container Requirements
A good food storage container holds food and doesn’t leak. A great storage container for prepping will need to achieve five basic requirements. Make sure your containers and storage space meet these requirements:
- Temperature Management: Keeping your food storage cool is a key requirement for helping it last a long time. 60 degrees Fahrenheit is a good target for a pantry.
- Pest Control: Keeping bugs and rodents out is no joke. Choosing containers that are more difficult for them to infiltrate should be a high priority.
- Light Blocking: When exposed to light, food can break down. Blocking light from getting to whatever you are storing can only help.
- Air Tight (Humidity and Oxygen): The most important part of a storage container is to be air-tight. Excessive humidity and oxygen are both enemies of well-preserved food.
- Stackable: Choosing a storage solution that is stackable is best. Many containers that are stackable still have stack height limits, which will require more shelf space when you store them. Having containers that do not stack makes you lose some storage efficiency too.
If you can find food storage containers that meet all of these requirements then you will be off to a good start in preserving your food for the maximum time possible.
The Food You Store
The food you store is only as good as the food storage container, and vice versa. The best food for long-term storage are the foods that best resist rot. Food with low moisture content is the best for rot resistance, and those include beans, flour, grains, dried fruit, milk powder, and jerky. There are many other foods that store well, and as a prepper, you will want to consider calories, protein, and nutrients.
We list some containers below that come with food, so be sure to know the shelf life of what you are getting, the nutritional content, and the calories. It is best to keep an inventory of what you store so you can know when to cycle out expired or older items and replace them.
1. Reusable Plastic Containers
You can reuse plastic containers for ‘shorter’ long-term storage. Your target storage period for reused plastic containers is a 2-year shelf life or less. There are several types of plastic containers you can use:
Plastic Bottles: With a little bit of cellophane, you can turn a two-liter bottle into a great way to store rice, beans, sugar, or other pourable items. You will just need to make sure it is clean and thoroughly dry. Wash out the inside with dish soap and hot water. Add a few drops of bleach and then rinse it out and set it out to dry. Check that it is truly PET plastic by checking for the small PET triangle on the bottom of the bottle. When you fill it, put in an oxygen absorber halfway up to help improve the shelf life even further. Two-liter bottles hold a fair amount of food and are not as heavy as a five-gallon bucket, which can make them easier to handle.
Tupperware: Sealable plastic bins have changed the world. If you are prepping food for your weekly meals or transporting food to a friend’s house, plastic storage bins can get the job done. They are dirt cheap these days and are very easy to use. While they can leach, stain, and scratch, as long as you use them for short-term storage as intended they are nearly unbeatable.
While all plastic will eventually leach into the food product, if you cycle what you are storing out at least every six months, it should not be a problem. Plastic containers are great because they do not break as easily as glass, are cheap, and are reusable. If the plastic containers you are using are clear, it is best to store them in a dark closet or room so the light will not degrade your food storage.
2. Mason Jars
Mason jars are versatile glass jars that are widely available and commonly used for food storage. They have been used for over a century, so you know they are tried and true. You can store dry goods in mason jars or you use them for canning. To use them for dry storage, just load them up with the rice, beans, sugar, or whatever you are storing up to about ½ an inch from the top and then drop in an oxygen absorber. Always use a new lid when you store food in a mason jar so you can get a good seal. Put the lid in hot water to soften the seal ring. Then pull it out and thoroughly dry it and screw it down tight on your jar.
Using jars for canning is a whole process on its own. You will want to store mason jars in a dark closet since the jars are clear and do not block light. Use sturdy shelves when storing mason jars because the weight can add up very quickly. If you use wooden shelves, you can make your mason jar storage more secure by tacking a strip to the front of your shelves to create a lip.
Even if you are not in an area that sees earthquakes often, it is best to be safe with your food storage. You don’t want to create an avalanche of mason jars on accident, and the lip can help prevent this. As another precaution to prevent broken mason jars everywhere, it is always better to build more shelves than to stack mason jars- don’t rely on those slippery glass bottoms!
3. #10 Cans
These are not your normal cans of beans- these are the big ones. They are the type that many restaurants use, so they are large portions and meant to stack and store. These cans come pre-packaged from many different sources and are one of the best options for food storage. They will not shatter like glass containers and are strong and stackable. They block light, are airtight, and cannot be chewed through easily by rats. All of these attributes make them the go-to for the military. While the cans are not easily reusable, they make a great option for packing away food for long-term storage.
There is a huge variety of foods available, and most of them taste surprisingly good. One of our top reviewed long-term food storage suppliers regularly puts their #10 cans on sale, which you can usually find listed on our deals page:
If you can find a local cannery, you may be able to get the best variety for cheaper than online sources. You will also have the opportunity to make connections, ask questions, and know exactly what is going into your stores.
4. Food Grade Buckets
These are not your typical 5-gallon buckets from Home Depot. Food-grade buckets are made of a different type of plastic to prevent leaching. They cost a little more than your typical buckets but are worth it for the added safety and flavor of your food. Food storage buckets should be made with high-density polyethylene without BPAs, and be manufactured to meet NMFC, FDA, and UFC requirements. A bucket could have the triangle on the bottom with the number two and the HDPE mark, but not be food grade. This could be due to the construction method, not being able to provide a secure seal, made of reused materials, or even reused themselves after chemicals or paint. HDPE buckets are still porous and can absorb chemicals stored in them. Make sure that you purchase from a reliable source so you don’t get duped. If you do decide to get used buckets, make sure they have only been used to store food, and be prepared to clean them thoroughly.
A rubber mallet is a great tool to have to seal food-grade buckets. Place the lid in its place on the filled bucket, and whack the lid into place around the perimeter of the lid. Once you have secured the lid, you can test for a good seal by picking the bucket up by the lid. The weight of the food stored is a pretty good test for whether the lid is securely attached.
You can store all sorts of foods in a food-grade bucket. Buckets also double as great survival kit items for random uses. Be aware that if you use your food-grade bucket to hold chemicals or anything that could hurt the integrity of the bucket, you shouldn’t reuse it for food again. While you can probably find good options locally for cheaper, food-grade buckets are available online:
5. Mylar Bags w/ Oxygen Absorbers
Mylar bags are a great way to store food. Many store-bought food buckets and containers have the food inside portioned off in mylar bags. You can also buy prepackaged food in them individually at many stores. You can buy the mylar bags themselves individually or in bulk with built-in ziplock seals or without. Both bags can be closed by heat sealing them with special tools, irons, or hair straighteners. Sealing the ziplock mylar bags with heat is additional protection for your food and a good practice. It never hurts to have multiple seals on your storage containers.
Oxygen absorbers are often used in mylar bags, and some people even vacuum pack them by putting a straw down the side. When the bag gets vacuum packed, the straw allows the air to escape and then it can be pulled out and sealed. You can find some great deals online for mylar bags, and many of them include oxygen absorbers:
6. Meal Ready to Eat (MREs)
This military food solution is a prepper favorite. These prepper food storage containers obviously come filled and are one of the preferred grab-and-go solutions for many mobile kits. MREs were first served to soldiers in 1980 and have been appetizing and disgusting servicemen ever since. I find it odd how polarizing these little packs are and have met people that can’t stand them and others that love them. I always found that the included Tabasco sauce makes any of them easy to hold down. They are designed to have approximately 1300 calories each, broken up into 55% calories from carbs, 35% from fat, and 15% from protein.
MREs are pretty resilient, with a shelf life of 3+ years at 80 degrees Fahrenheit. At 60 degrees they last over 10 years. They are meant to be mobile and lightweight, which makes them great to include in bug out bags and get home bags. You can grab and go with the best of them with an MRE- no need to set up camping stoves or scrounge up utensils. The included heaters, utensils, and condiments come in handy because the entire contents are encapsulated in a pouch. If you don’t need these items, some MREs are available without the chemical heater at a lower cost.
The heaters are pretty neat and work when one ounce of water is added to the pouch holding the magnesium iron. This makes the water boil and heats up all the chili mac you put next to the heater. Many MREs are sold to civilians without heaters due to shipping regulations, so it is best to have another way to heat them up if that is the case with yours. Even if the MREs you get do include heaters, it is always best to have a backup plan anyways.
7. Grocery Cans
This option requires the least amount of work and time investment. You can stock up on these regular-sized cans on each trip to the grocery store for one of the easiest ways to build a stocked pantry. Grocery cans range in size from 12-ounce cans to #2.5 cans, so you have different portion sizes to choose from. There is a big variety, they are widely available, and they are cheap- so they naturally are a good choice for those looking to begin prepping.
Canned meats, vegetables, and fruits are all great building blocks for a food stash. Check the labels for calories and nutritional value, and try to get high-calorie cans as well as a balanced variety of nutritional values. Some cans label multiple servings inside the same can, so you may need to do a little math to get the total values. Ready-to-eat canned foods are good to have around for small disasters since they are less of a hassle to prepare. You can concentrate on more important matters if you just heat and pop open a can of soup or chili.
Here are the top 10 cans we’d suggest: The 10 Best Canned Foods to Stockpile for Survival
The Final Word
Food storage should be an integral part of any prepper’s contingency plans. The best prepper food storage containers should not be overlooked if you want your food stores to last. Storing your food in the right containers can give you peace of mind when it comes to your family’s sustenance. If you are starting from scratch, start small and work your way up.
I personally prefer to rotate out my pantry using the first in, first out (FIFO) inventory technique. This ensures that I don’t have much food expire (if any) and gives me good visibility of what I actually have stored. Whether you stash your food for 15 years or rotate your supply every 6 months- the right prepper food storage containers can give you a leg up with your shelf life.
Here are some reads our subscribers have found useful:
- The Best Food to Dehydrate for Long Term Survival Storage
- The Best Freeze Dryer for Drying Food at Home
- Survival Food List | Pantry Stockpile Plan and Checklist
Keep exploring, stay prepared, and be safe.
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